In order to consider desire as a main category of contemporary Italian pedagogy, Education cannot be divorced from hegemony in terms of a “pedagogical relationship”. Inheriting the Gramscian instances, Pasolini builds a “pedagogy of desire” because the poetry is the magic key that creates alternative worlds against capitalism. Pasolini thinks that ideology and passion are embodied part of the construct of desire. The Manifesto Theatre – in whose Tragedies the “dream isotopy” becomes a “desire isotopy” – is a device of a “program” for a linguistic, political and ethical re-education for society. Pasolini offers an answer to the desire and it becomes a possibility for a metacognitive reflection on the existence in the space-time dimension of the Theatre: here people can think of desire and freely verbalize and embodying it.