Artificial Intelligence and Education: the perceptions of the students of the Department of Educational Sciences at Roma Tre University on the concept of Artificial Intelligence


The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) methodologies based on machine learning and deep learning is now present in all aspects of our daily lives, including our education. The world of education, at any level, has to consider the predominant role that AI plays in the modern world. In April 2018, the European Commission published a strategy for the development of anthropocentric AI, and the update of the Digital Education Action Plan 2021-2027 emphasized the need to develop ethical guidelines on AI and the use of big data in teaching and learning. Knowing and understanding the principles of data-intensive technologies and their educational, social and ethical implications represent a new domain in which is necessary to increase the common heritage of knowledge. In this contribution we present the initial results of an exploratory survey conducted among the students of the Department of Educational Sciences at Roma Tre University as a first step to address the question "What do future educators think about the use of Artificial Intelligence in education?”. The survey presented in this article is an exploratory study aimed at gathering students' opinions and beliefs on the very concept of Artificial Intelligence, useful to verify if there is, and possibly to what extent, a shared awareness of what it is and what are the potential benefits and risks of its use in education.