Education for peace and missed Nobel Price for Maria Montessori


For three years (1949-1950-1951), Maria Montessori was candidate to Nobel Price for Peace without succeeding. These Events, which have not been sufficiently studied in the personal and intellectual biography of Maria Montessori, are reconstructed in the present essay, basing on the documents from Nobel, from Unesco Archive and from Historical Archive of Luigi Sturzo Institute, where the documents of Maria De Unterrichter Jervolino are kept, who was the most convinced and influential supporter of the Maria Montessori’s nomination. The national and international political contexts of these events are reconstructed, on the view of the most general evolution of the montessorian elaboration and practices. The contribute of Maria Montessori to the education for peace is examined on his essential aspects, starting from her writings from the Thirties.