In the realization that we cannot ignore that we live in what is called the infosphere, an environment in which the boundaries between the online life and the offline life in the reality of relationships, gradually disappear, this work wants to reflect on how this new environment makes it necessary to intelligent data analysis. An intelligent analysis that brings effective use of machine learning and machine learning in training and educational contexts. In particular, the reflection is intended to be a critical recognition and systematization of the lines of thought and application practices of this branch of artificial intelligence. An intelligence that is declined, as in Piaget's thought, as a form of adaptation to the environment, a support for a mind that builds structures of reality. The lines underlying the work are those of an epistemology of artificial intelligence, which produces a form of knowledge from the relationship between information.