The Effect of Parental Involvement on Students’ Motivation to Learn and Well-being

This study aims to investigate the relation between students’ perception of their parental involvement in education and their motivation and well-being at school. For the survey, a parental involvement questionnaire (Clinton & Hattie, 2013) was adapted, administered to a sample of 361 middle school students, along with measures of motivation to learn and subjective well-being. Parental involvement, in terms of academic socialization (Hill & Tyson, 2009), includes communicating to students about expectations, aspirations and future plans, with stronger effects than other types of involvement (help with homework or meeting with teachers). The results show the positive effect of parental involvement on motivation and well-being at school, particularly when a greater discussion of school activities is perceived by students, bringing out differences between classes.