The pedagogical echo of the Prior of Barbiana in the complexity of today's school

Among the social, economic and political contradictions of the post-war period that reverberate in Italian school education with the class structure of society, grades used for selective and judicial purposes, school dropout, etc., emerges the figure of Don Lorenzo Milani who saw the Italian school system as an unfair system that had to be revolutionized; he decided, therefore, to start his own school "The School of Barbiana" that offered poor and marginalized children the opportunity to redeem themselves, to enrich their cultural background so that they could eventually improve their social and economic position in society. The legacy left by the Prior of Barbiana is a heavy one and it is not difficult to believe that in it we can find the key to a new humanitas against the drifts of a complex, multifaceted and fluid society that separates and marginalizes individuals because of their having rather than their being. The modus operandi of the Prior of Barbiana is part of this extraordinary legacy of which we will try, though not exhaustively, to highlight the salient aspects related to his inclusive teaching method. Don Milani appealed to the constitutional dictate that even women should have access to education, females, whose education in that historical period was considered little less than useless, were educated by giving them the tools to understand and improve their lives already marked by the society of the time.